Motorcycle Driver’s Handbook

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Tests and testing

Written knowledge tests

The knowledge tests include:

  • sign identification
  • motorcycle driving situations
  • rules of the road

If you fail any of these tests, you will be required to rewrite them. You may only write once per day.

Vision test

The vision test may include:

  • a visual acuity test
  • a field of vision test
  • distance judgment

There are certain minimum vision standards which you must meet.

If you fail to meet these standards, you may be referred to an ophthalmologist or optometrist for further testing and possible prescription of glasses or lenses. If you can pass the eye test only when you are wearing your glasses or lenses, then you will be issued a restricted licence. Your driver’s licence will be valid only when you are wearing corrective eyewear.

Basic ability road test (BART)

You are required to take the basic ability road test on an appropriate motorcycle, supplied by you. This test is not required if you provide SGI with proof of completion of an approved motorcycle training course.

The BART consists of three parts:

  1. Identification of motorcycle basic controls: The examiner will name eight to 12 critical components (depending on the bike) and you must identify them and demonstrate how they work.
  2. Demonstration of the rider’s basic ability: You will show your ability to start and stop the bike by moving the bike ahead 15 feet and stop it while keeping your balance.
  3. Road test: The last step is a short road test which demonstrates whether you possess the basic skills to safely operate a motorcycle on public roads or not. This is important, not only for your safety, but for the safety of everyone on the road.

Each part must be passed before moving onto the next.

An individual can only attempt the test three times in their lifetime. After a third failed attempt, the rider is required to successfully complete an approved motorcycle training course.

You will not pass the basic ability road test if you:

  • cannot identify the controls
  • use your feet excessively to balance the motorcycle
  • fail to control the motorcycle
  • are unable to balance the motorcycle
  • have poor starts or stops
  • are contravening basic rules of the road (eg. fail to obey a stop sign, etc.)
  • for combined mistakes during the evaluation

An “R” restriction (limiting the rider to motorcycles 400cc or less) will be assigned to riders in the MGDL program who use a motorcycle with a 400cc engine displacement or less during the basic ability road test (6 Endorsement/Learners). The restriction will be waived or removed for those who successfully complete an SGI-approved motorcycle training course or re-test using a larger bike.

Please call 1-844-TLK-2SGI (1-844-855-2744) to make an appointment to schedule a road test to remove an “R” restriction.

Note: Riders that entered the MGDL program prior to April 1, 2015, will not be affected unless their 6 Endorsement expires and they re-enter the MGDL program.

Motorcycle road test

You are required to take the motorcycle road test on an appropriate motorcycle to get your M Endorsement. You must supply the motorcycle.

The road test is an evaluation of your ability to operate a motorcycle. You will be tested on:

  • starting
  • stopping
  • turning
  • traffic signs and signals
  • passing vehicles and lane driving
  • travelling through controlled and uncontrolled intersections
  • proper lane positioning
  • anticipation of hazardous conditions in the making
  • other safe driving practices such as speed selection and steering techniques

Your motorcycle road test will be refused if:

  • you are late for your appointment
  • you do not have the appropriate driver’s licence (minimum Class 5 with a 6 Endorsement) or have not paid the exam fee
  • the motorcycle is unsafe or not equipped in accordance with the legislation
  • you do not meet the vision or medical fitness requirements
  • your arms and legs are not covered and you are not wearing hand-covering gloves, ankle-covering boots and an approved three-quarter, modular or full-face motorcycle helmet

At the end of the road test, you will receive a complete report and any errors will be explained to you. If you fail your test, the report will indicate where improvement is required. When you have had more practice, you may make an appointment for another road test. You must pay an additional fee before each road test may be booked.

You will fail the road test if you:

  • exceed the speed limit
  • are involved in a collision for which you are more than 50% responsible
  • fail to stop where required
  • use your feet improperly or excessively
  • fail to yield to vehicles and pedestrians
  • fail to wear eye protection properly
  • fail to follow a request of the examiner
  • require the assistance of the examiner
  • have various combinations of operating mistakes
  • drop the motorcycle


Rev: 2015