A power-assisted bicycle is a 2- or 3-wheeled bicycle that:
- has an electric motor no more than 500 watts
- has functioning pedals but is powered by an electric motor
- cannot be operated faster than 32 km/h (20 mph)
- meets the definition of a “power-assisted bicycle”, and is labeled as such by the manufacturer
Remember: Any gas-powered cycles, electric cycles larger than 500 watts or without pedals are considered motorcycles and all motorcycle licensing requirements apply.
You no longer need a Class 7 driver's licence to operate a power-assisted bicycle.
Across the country, especially in the western provinces, power-assisted bicycles are permitted on public roads. To align with this national best practice, The Traffic Safety Act and The Registration Exemption and Reciprocity Regulations were amended, giving SGI the authority to conditionally exempt riders from driver's licence and registration requirements.
Riders do not need a licence to operate a power-assisted bicycle, and no registration is required. However, riders:
- must be at least 14 years of age
- must wear a CSA approved bicycle or motorcycle helmet
- must follow all the rules under The Traffic Safety Act normally applicable to a bicycle
- cannot operate a power-assisted bicycle where municipal law restricts their use
If the bicycle is designed to do so, a rider may carry a passenger, as long as both wear CSA approved bicycle or motorcycle helmets.