3-wheeled vehicles have operating characteristics similar to both conventional passenger cars and motorcycles. They have a steering wheel, automotive seating equipped with seatbelts and foot pedals for accelerating and braking. However, they do not follow the same safety standards as regular motor vehicles and may not provide the same level of protection during a collision, therefore certain driver licensing and protective gear requirements apply.
Driver licensing and protective gear
- A minimum Class 5 licence required (includes Novice drivers)
Note: A 3-wheeled vehicle cannot be used for a Class 5 road test.
- Operation by a Class 7 (learner) driver is prohibited
- An approved helmet is required for all occupants
Note: The helmet requirement does not apply if the 3-wheeled vehicle meets federal crash testing requirements.
- Eye/face protection is required for all occupants of 3-wheeled vehicles not equipped with a windshield.
Registration and rating
- Plate class - LV (not allowed in Classes F, PT or PB)
- Body style - convertible (Car)
- Plate size - large plate
- Rating group - motorcycle cruiser/touring
- Injury coverage - not eligible for Reduced No Fault coverage
- 3-wheeled vehicles will be subject to the light vehicle inspection program rules (New West Partnership First-Time Registered Exemption program rules may apply).
- Total loss vehicles are subject to both Mechanical and Body Integrity inspections.
- The placement of a child or infant restraint system or booster seat is prohibited.
Note: This restriction would not apply if the 3-wheeled vehicle meets federal crash testing requirements.