For all classes of licence you are required to pass three types of tests including knowledge tests, a vision test and a road test. Some classes of licence also require a medical examination and pre-trip inspection.
The knowledge tests consist of two parts: driving situations, as well as the rules of the road, and sign identification. If you fail any part of these tests, you will be required to rewrite only the examination(s) you failed. Successful written exam results are valid for one year. You may write only once per day.
If you are unsure about the meaning of any of the questions, please ask the examiner to assist you. Cellphones and electronic devices are not allowed in the test area.
You can find practice test questions as well as helpful animations in the online version of the handbook.
The vision test may include:
- a field of vision test
- a visual acuity test
- distance judgment
There are certain minimum vision standards you must meet. If you fail to meet those standards, you may be referred to an ophthalmologist or optometrist for further testing, and possible prescription of glasses or contact lenses. If you can pass the eye test only when you are wearing your glasses or contact lenses, you will be issued a restricted licence. This means your driver's licence will be valid only when you are wearing prescribed corrective lenses.
The holder of a Class 7 licence must retain that classification for at least nine months before becoming eligible for any examinations toward obtaining a licence in any other class.
You are required to take a road test in the appropriate class of vehicle and you must supply the vehicle.
You must schedule your appointment at your nearest examination office. Road test appointments in smaller centres are reserved for local residents only.
The road test is an evaluation of your ability to safely operate a vehicle. You will be tested on:
- abiding by road signs along the route
- anticipation of potential hazards
- parallel parking and backing up
- proper lane driving
- shoulder checking
- traffic signs and signals
- travelling through controlled and uncontrolled intersections
- various safe driving practices like speed selection and steering techniques
If you have any questions about the test, the examiner will be happy to answer them for you before the test starts.
Note: No pets or passengers, other than examination staff, are permitted in your vehicle during the road test.
A road test will be refused if:
- you cannot provide proof of having completed the required driver education (training record on your electronic SGI file or Driver Education Certificate)
- you are late for your appointment
- you do not have the appropriate driver's licence or have not paid the exam fee
- you have not held a Class 7 licence for at least nine months
- you do not meet the vision or medical fitness standards
- you drive to the test office illegally
- the vehicle you provide for the road test is unsafe or not equipped in accordance with the law. The Driver Examiner will inspect the vehicle before the test begins. The following list of equipment must be in working order, or the test can be refused:
- ABS (Antilock Brake System) or ESC (Electronic Stability Control System), if equipped
- signal lights
- brake lights
- headlights (as required)
- windshield wipers (as required)
- working defrost (as required)
- seatbelts and airbags
- one valid licence plate properly attached to the rear of the vehicle
- unobstructed windshield
- no aftermarket tinting on the windshield or front side windows
- functioning driver's and front passenger's doors
- proper seats
- the passenger compartment of the vehicle is not clean or free of strong scent or odour
- the vehicle is not the right class for the licence you want
If your windshield is cracked and you're unsure if it will be accepted for a road test, it's best to have a driver examiner check it before your road test. Visit your local driver examination office to have an examiner look at it in person. You can also visit sgi.sk.ca/windshield to find examples of an acceptable windshield.
You will fail the road test if you:
- exceed the speed limit
- are involved in a collision for which you are 50% or more responsible
- fail to stop where required
- fail to yield to vehicles and pedestrians
- fail to wear a seatbelt
- cannot parallel park
- disobey traffic lights
- fail to follow a request from the examiner
- require the assistance of the examiner
- make a combination of minor mistakes
At the end of the road test, a complete report will be given to you with all errors explained. If you were unsuccessful, the report will indicate where improvement is required. When you have had more practice, you may make an appointment for another road test. You must pay an additional test fee before each road test.
If you are applying for a Class 5 licence and fail your road test, you must wait two weeks before you are eligible for another road test. Additional training may be recommended or a longer learning period imposed.
Successful exam results are valid for 12 months but your licence must be upgraded at any SGI motor licence issuer before you can drive alone.