When meeting other vehicles, you must keep to the right of the centre line of the roadway.
Head-on collisions are usually fatal. Driver distraction (e.g., texting, talking on a cellphone, eating, etc.), or driver impairment (fatigue, alcohol, drugs, etc.) or driver errors, such as faulty judgment or techniques while passing, are usually to blame for these crashes.
When passing, it is very important to keep the time spent on the wrong side of the road to a bare minimum.
- Make sure the pass is legal and safe. Do not cross solid or double solid yellow lines. Do not pass on the crest of a hill, before a curve, at intersections or any place where your sight distance is limited.
- Maintain a three-second distance between you and the vehicle you are following. (See Using time to estimate your following distance.) When you decide to pass, accelerate to build up speed before passing. The greater the difference in speed between you and the vehicle you are passing, the shorter your passing time will be.
- Continue to accelerate throughout the entire pass. Do not slow down until you are back in your original lane and well in front of the vehicle you have just passed. Keep in mind that it is illegal to speed even when passing.
- Wait until you see the vehicle being passed in your inside rearview mirror before pulling back into your travelling lane. Remember, you must signal, check your mirrors and shoulder check to ensure it is safe before you begin to move back to the travelling lane.
Note: At high speeds, the lane change is more gradual and takes longer to complete.
When passing other vehicles, you must always pass on the left except:
- where there are two or more traffic lanes in your direction of travel
- any time the vehicle ahead is about to make a left turn and it is possible to pass safely on the right without driving on the shoulder
You may not pass any vehicle that is stopped at an intersection to permit pedestrians to cross.
When being passed by another vehicle, stay to the right of your lane and do not speed up until the passing vehicle is back in the normal driving lane.