Major centres often have designated bus and/or bicycle lanes that other motorists must stay out of unless they need to enter them to turn, park or for entering a lane or driveway.
Bus lanes are marked by a lane sign that indicates the time and days of operation of the restriction. The sign has a diamond on it, as well as a bus symbol. In some centres, the lane itself has diamond markings installed in the pavement. On the designated streets, curb lanes are reserved for transit vehicles during the rush hour, or peak driving times.
When bus lane hours are in effect, no one is allowed to operate a vehicle, other than a bus or an emergency vehicle, in the designated curb lane, except for the purpose of making a right turn onto, or off of, a street block where a bus lane is in effect. Only buses, emergency vehicles or accessible taxicabs loading or unloading non-ambulatory passengers are allowed to stop in a designated bus lane.
This sign indicates the street you are turning to has a designated lane.
Bicycle-only lanes are dedicated for cyclists and are similar to bus lanes. Vehicles are not allowed in bicycle-only lanes except for the purpose of making a right turn, accessing a parking space or entering a lane or driveway.
Pavement marking may vary between communities. Designated bicycle lanes may be shared with motor vehicle traffic or may be exclusive for bicycle use.
Shared bicycle lanes
A chevron and bicycle symbol designate a shared bicycle or “sharrow” lane.
Sharrows use pavement markings painted on a roadways to encourage cyclists and motorists to share the lane. They are generally intended for use on roadways with lanes that are wide enough for side-by-side bicycle and vehicle operation. However, motorists should always pass cyclists at a safe distance and should not assume that the sharrow indicates that they can pass within the travel lane. Depending on the positioning of the cyclist, it may be necessary to change lanes in order to pass safely.
Sharrows do not designate a bicycle lane and should not be treated as such. While some cyclists will ride down the centre of the arrow, in many locations, the sharrow marking simply indicates cyclists and motorists are to share the lane and is not an indication of where a cyclist rides within the lane.