In Canada, a Class 5 driver's licence does not require a medical exam and is not considered a commercial driver's licence, but permits you to operate a single 2-axle vehicle regardless of its Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) or any combination of a 2-axle vehicle and trailer that does not exceed 4,600 kg.
The U.S. and Canada have a reciprocity agreement, which recognizes a Canadian-issued commercial driver's licence as proof of medical fitness. In Canada, as part of the application process for issuing or renewal of a commercial Class 1, 2, 3 or 4 driver’s licence, a driver is required to maintain a satisfactory medical on file with the agency responsible for driver licensing. As a result, Canadian drivers in the U.S. are not required to have in their possession a medical examiner's certificate if the driver has been issued, and possesses, a commercial (Class 1, 2, 3 or 4) driver's licence issued by a Canadian province or territory.
In the U.S., the operator of a Class 5 vehicle (a vehicle that can be operated by the holder of a Class 5 driver's licence in Canada) must have a commercial medical, if the vehicle or vehicle combination weighs or has a rated capacity (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) over 4,536 kg.
The U.S. commercial medical requirements also apply to farm-use vehicles registered in Class F, but do not apply to private-use vehicles (e.g., when vacationing in the U.S. towing a recreational vehicle).
Examples of Class 5 vehicles with a GVW or Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) at or above 4,536 kg include:
- 2-axle cube vans
- 2-axle flat deck truck
- Single rear wheel 1-ton pick-up trucks towing a commercial trailer not weighing more than 4,600kg
Complying with U.S. medical standards
To ensure compliance with the United States FMCSA medical standards when driving a Class 5 vehicle or combination of vehicles that has a GVW, GVWR or Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) of 4,536 kg or more (whichever is greater), make sure you hold 1 of the following driver's licenses:
- a valid Saskatchewan Class 5 driver's licence combined with a Medical Confirmation Letter issued by the SGI Medical Review Unit notifying enforcement that you have submitted a satisfactory medical to SGI
- To request a Medical Confirmation Letter, you must submit a satisfactory Commercial Driver's Licence Medical Report form (pdf, 160 kb) to the Medical Review Unit. Medical Confirmation Letters must be renewed every, 5 years from the date the last medical was completed for drivers 18 to 45 years of age, 3 years for drivers 46 to 65 years of age and annually for drivers 66 years of age or older.
- a valid Class 5 licence with an Endorsement 1, 2, 3 or 4 learner’s licence issued by Saskatchewan (includes a commercial medical)
- a valid Saskatchewan Class 5 driver's licence with a G01 Heavy Trailer Endorsement (includes a commercial medical) permitting you to drive 2-axle trucks (not including 2-axle power units) towing trailers more than 4,600 kg
- a valid Class 1, 2, 3 or 4 driver's licence issued by a Canadian province or territory
- the appropriate class of U.S. driver's licence combined with a valid medical certificate (or exemption), if not a Canadian resident
- a valid Class 5 (or equivalent) driver's licence issued by a Canadian province or territory combined with a current U.S. medical examiner's certificate completed within the last 2 years
Note: As of May 21, 2015, all U.S. commercial driver’s licence medicals must be completed by an FMCSA Certified Medical Examiner.
You can review more information on commercial medical forms or contact the Medical Review Unit at 1-800-667-8015 ext. 6176.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) - This is the maximum weight the original manufacturer states the vehicle and its load can weigh and still operate safely. This information can usually be found on the Manufacturer's Label of Compliance located on the driver’s side doorjamb or in the glove box.
Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) - Not all manufacturers affix this rating to the rating decal, but this is the vehicle manufacturer's maximum weight rating for the combination of the towing vehicle and its load, and the trailer and its load. It is generally stated in the operator manual in the trailer towing section and may depend on the engine size, transmission type and rear differential ratio.
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) or Gross Combined Weight (GCW) - This is the actual combined weight of a vehicle and of the load carried on the vehicle; or the combined weight of 2 or more vehicles coupled or joined together and the combined weight of the load carried on each vehicle. GVW/GCW is determined using a vehicle scale.
2260 - 11th Ave.
Regina, SK S4P 2N7
775-6176 in Regina
1-800-667-8015 ext. 6176
1-866-274-4417 or 306-347-2577 (fax)